Étude statistique et propriétés énergétiques des petits embrillancements dans la couronne solaire

Abstract : To explain the high temperature of the corona, much attention has been paid to the distribution of energy in dissipation events. Indeed, if the event energy distribution is steep enough, the smallest, unobservable events could be the largest contributors to the total energy dissipation in the corona. Previous observations have shown a wide distribution of energies but remain inconclusive about the precise slope. Furthermore, these results rely on a very crude estimate of the energy. On the other hand, more detailed spectroscopic studies of structures such as coronal bright points do not provide enough statistical information to derive their total contribution to heating. We aim at getting a better estimate of the distributions of the energy dissipated in coronal heating events using high-resolution, multi-channel Extreme Ultra-Violet (EUV) data. To estimate the energies corresponding to heating events and deduce their distribution, we detect brightenings in five EUV channels of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) onboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). We combine the results of these detections and we use maps of temperature and emission measure derived from the same observations to compute the energies. We obtain distributions of areas, durations, intensities, and energies (thermal, radiative, and conductive) of events. These distributions are power-laws, but their parameters indicate that a population of events like the ones we observe is not sufficient to fully explain coronal temperatures. However, several processes or observational biases can be advanced to explain the missing energy.
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Vincent Joulin. Étude statistique et propriétés énergétiques des petits embrillancements dans la couronne solaire. Astrophysique stellaire et solaire [astro-ph.SR]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA112102⟩. ⟨tel-01202830⟩

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