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Analyse du burnout en entrepreneuriat : étude empirique sur les dirigeants de PME

Abstract : Entrepreneurs are confronted to occupational stressors that may affect their professional capacities through burnout. However, they are rarely considered in psychosocial risks issues. A large body of research have established negative outcomes of occupational conditions, factors enhancing performance, and critics of relationship of individual to its job. The aim of this research is to contribute to identify factors and outcomes related to burnout among entrepreneurs. The analysis of life story interviews led to the identification of several factors and consequences related to work stress. Comparing these elements with those highlighted from previous empirical results led to construct the research model. Data was collected from 280 owner managers of SME through an online questionnaire, was analysed with structural equation modeling. The hypothesis of mediation was validated between occupational demands (psychological and emotional) and three variables : job satisfaction, work-family conflict and entrepreneurial orientation. The mediation through burnout was confirmed. Hypothesis of moderated mediation (decisional latitude and social support from family and friends) were rejected. First, results show that psychological and emotional demands reduce job satisfaction, work-family balance and entrepreneurial orientation through burnout. Second, direct effects of these demands on job satisfaction and work-family conflict are amplified in exhaustion state. The existence of burnout risk’s and mainly psychosocial risks for entrepreneurs interfere with entrepreneurial process. Interferences are related : to situations that lead to burnout, the emotional attachment of entrepreneurs to their project,and negatives outcomes on entrepreneur health and business development. Prevention becomes at the forefront of actions to implement through professional structure for entrepreneurs and owner-managers
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Submitted on : Monday, September 21, 2015 - 1:28:06 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 15, 2022 - 9:38:36 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, December 29, 2015 - 8:57:57 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01202577, version 1


Yosr Ben Tahar. Analyse du burnout en entrepreneuriat : étude empirique sur les dirigeants de PME. Economies et finances. Université Montpellier I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014MON10060⟩. ⟨tel-01202577⟩



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