Equidistribution problems of squarefree numbers

Abstract : This thesis concerns a few problems linked with the distribution of squarefree integers in arithmeticprogressions. Such problems are usually phrased in terms of upper bounds for the error term relatedto this distribution.The first, second and fourth chapter focus on the satistical study of the error terms as the progres-sions varies modulo q. In particular we obtain an asymptotic formula for the variance and non-trivialupper bounds for the higher moments. We make use of many technics from analytic number theorysuch as sieve methods and exponential sums. In particular, in the second chapter we make use of arecent upper bound for short exponential sums by Bourgain.In the third chapter we give estimates for the error term for a fixed arithmetic progression. Weimprove on a result of Hooley from 1975 in two different directions. Here we use recent upper boundsfor short exponential sums by Bourgain-Garaev and exponential sums twisted by the Möbius functionby Bourgain et Fouvry-Kowalski-Michel.
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Ramon Moreira Nunes. Equidistribution problems of squarefree numbers. Number Theory [math.NT]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PA112123⟩. ⟨tel-01201663⟩

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