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Influence de la porosité et du degré d’humidité interne sur le comportement triaxial du béton

Abstract : This thesis deals with the influence of the porosity and the saturation ratio on concrete behavior under severe stress. This work is part of a more general study of the vulnerability of massive reinforced concrete frame. In this context, studies focuses particularly on the behavior of the material and structures under impact. 3SR laboratory has a large capacity triaxial press, called GIGA, to achieve stress levels of the order of GPa, applied quasi-statically on concrete samples. Experimental studies on a reference concrete (R30A7) show the major influence of water on the behavior of highly confined concrete (VU, 2009). These same studies also show that the influence of Water/Cement ratio, high in simple compression test, decreases with increasing confinement. The first objective of this thesis is to better understand the effect of porosity on the behavior of concrete under high confinement. In this context two concretes are formulated. One with a reduced porosity relative to the reference concrete R30A7, and the other one with a greater porosity. The results of test campaigns show that the porosity don't play an important role under strong confinement (400 MPa). At the other hand, the deformability of the concrete remains dependent on the overall porosity of the material. The second objective of this thesis is to improve the knowledge of the effects of water on the behavior of concrete. For this, test on both saturated concrete made previously, are carried out. The results show the same effects of water than those observed on the R30A7 but also influenced by the porosity of the material. Tests on wet concrete are made to complete this study. Finally, this thesis proposes the development of triaxial tests with measurement of pore pressure and the development of a radial stress sensor specially adpated for strong confinement.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 17, 2015 - 3:47:05 PM
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Ludovic Zingg. Influence de la porosité et du degré d’humidité interne sur le comportement triaxial du béton. Matériaux. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENI039⟩. ⟨tel-01201587⟩



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