Le sport amateur et le risque

Abstract : Amateur sport, in our modern societies, is getting more and more important in everyday French life. Around 17 million of French people are members of a sport club or a federation and more than 45 million declare to practice a sport at the minimum once a week. Even so it has become a social activity, sport remains a risky activity. In this way, sport can makes damages; special mechanisms of responsibility and insurance were built to guarantee an effective protection of the sportsman, especially the amateur. In this idea, law created juridical norms to inform, to lead, to manage, to punish, if necessary, the sport practice. From this point of view, the responsibilities, their determinations and their applications, made the sport actors to question their selves about the risks due to their activity. The risks arising from the practice of the activity, from the equipment and from the behavior of the sportsman. In addition, if a certain acceptance of the risk-taking could be materialized, this notion does not seem to have the favor of the jurisprudence. Coupled with the state organization of sport, the private relations through the contract are no matters to be neglected. This legal mechanism is part to the amateur sport and makes possible to manage effective relationships between its players. This was the case with the emergence of sport economy which has considerably developed the contracting practice. Therefore, thanks to the simplicity of creation, the contract will be an efficient way to organize on the whole the relations between the players of the amateur sport. It will enable the sportsman to appreciate, in a clear manner, the dangers from the activity and the risks he will take. In this case, the contract remains an effective way to inform a “clear” practice of the amateur sport.
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Rémi Portes. Le sport amateur et le risque. Droit. Université Montpellier I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014MON10049⟩. ⟨tel-01198724⟩

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