Comportement thermoélectrique de matériaux composites pour applications aéronautiques

Abstract : Composite materials – since their high specific properties – are used recently to reduce the weight of aircraftstructures and to improve the performance engine in order to reducing the emissions of CO2. Composites of Carbon FibberReinforced Polymer matrix (CFRPs) are increasingly used in civil aviation industry for the production of structural parts:fuselage panels.Integrating CFRPs in the aeronautical structures has also some difficulties: the fuselage – generally subject to pressure of airflux – would be subjected also to shocks/impacts, particularly will be damaging for exposed to the aggressive environment(temperature, humidity, liquid cooling, ...).The fuselage is the principal structure to support the charge of electric current, such as those related to the electric current returnto ground or lightning : although the secondary networks of electrical cables and wires fences are provided to support thesecharges, the action of leakage currents, probably passer through bolted and riveted joints and because of the high differences ofelectrical potential between the surface of panels thickness, can activate the thermoelectric coupling and lead to localizedheating of these structures. Phenomena related to this type of coupling may be particularly remarkable in CFRPs – since thepolymer matrices is electrically and thermally quasi-insulates, for composite the thermoelectric behaviour is highly anisotropic– and need further research and investigation. The integration of micro and nano fillers – especially carbon nanotubes (CNTs) –in the polymer resin or in interface of fibber/matrix can improve the overall behaviour, but it is a technological solution that stillrequires be explored in detail.The aim of this work is to characterize the anisotropic properties of thermoelectric behaviour of materials CFRPs – charged oruncharged in CNTs. This characterization includes:· measurement of electrical resistivity/conductivity and their evolution with temperature,· characterization of the temperature fields induced by the passage of electric current,· identification of parameters for modeling the behavior of these thermoelectric materials and interpretation oftests,· characterization of the effect of moisture aging on the values of resistivity/conductivity of the composite.
Keywords : Thermoelectric
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Yueguo Lin. Comportement thermoélectrique de matériaux composites pour applications aéronautiques. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ESMA0012⟩. ⟨tel-01196623⟩

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