Fluorescence plane induite par laser appliquée à l'étude d'un écoulement de convection mixte - Caractérisation et simulation

Abstract : Non-intrusive metrology is essential in experimental fluid mechanics experiments. In particular, simultaneous acquisition of instantaneous velocity and temperature fields offers valuable insights in instationnary aerothermal behaviours. However, if instantaneous velocity fields can be acquired quite easily using the Particles Image Velocimetry technic (PIV), instantaneous temperature fields are much more complex to obtain. Plannar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) is one of the technics allowing such a measurement. The emitted LASER light induces excitation of acetone molecules, the tracer in the studied air flow. Then, the fluorescence following de-excitation, which is temperature-dependant, is recorded. In particular, 2 λ-PLIF uses dual wavelength LASER excitation to remove acetone concentration dependency in the measurement. Yet, depending of the wavelengths, the LASER energy or the temperature range investigated, using 2 λ-PLIF can be difficult due to a very low temperature sensitivity and very dim fluorescence. To solve those issues and improve signal-to-noise ratio, acquired images can be corrected according to different parameters in an interative process. Present work is dedicated to evaluate efficiency of corrected 2 λ-PLIF applied to the study of a mixed convection flow around a heated cylinder in the 20-300 C temperature range. The goal is to obtain aerothermal qualification of the flow thanks to simultaneous 2 λ-PLIF and PIV. In the present work, experimental bench is detailled as well as the calibrating and correcting process of the 2 λ-PLIF. Then, experimental results are discussed and confronted to results from litterature. Finally, a model of the fluorescence and camera-generated noise is discussed and used to generate simulated fluroescence images and determine the impact of all parameters (wavelengths, LASER energy, acetone concentration and camera intensification gain) on the measurement precision and thus enable adequate choice of equipments for next experiments.
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Florent Germain. Fluorescence plane induite par laser appliquée à l'étude d'un écoulement de convection mixte - Caractérisation et simulation. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ESMA0006⟩. ⟨tel-01196559⟩

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