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Véhicules électriques hybrides rechargeables : évaluation des impacts sur le réseau électrique et stratégies optimales de recharge

Abstract : The national commitments concerning terrestrial transport are promotingrechargeable vehicles according to actual environmental, technical or economicexigencies. To this end, the contribution of this thesis, related to the Smart Grids, coverssimultaneously the fields of electric utility grids, rechargeable vehicles, and residentialareas. The first step consists in the assessment the impacts caused by a highpenetration level. The research then focuses on two major problems : the voltage plan andthe aging rate of low voltage transformer, particularly those supplying residential areas.Therefore, unidirectional Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) charging strategieshave been proposed and evaluated. In the second part, based on the bidirectional PHEV,the possibility of consumption peak shaving and decrease of subscription contracts bothunder the concept Vehicle-to-Home are explored. The economics aspects are notignored, so a particular attention is paid of energy cost minimization for a housing undervariable pricing of energy constraint. The bidirectional vehicle is finally used in an adaptedalgorithmic for voltage plan control, thus contributing to the concept Vehicle-to-Grid.
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Harun Türker. Véhicules électriques hybrides rechargeables : évaluation des impacts sur le réseau électrique et stratégies optimales de recharge. Energie électrique. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENT110⟩. ⟨tel-01196113⟩

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