Quand la langue maternelle devient langue étrangère : pour une éthique du vivre en situation de handicap ouverte aux Sciences humaines et sociales en cas d’aphasie

Abstract : This study, with an annexe, is a reflection on the approach of aphasic subject, in his medical and rehabilitation contexts, from the very start of the diagnosis of his language disturb: the aphasia, or the loss of the acquired language, is generally a syndrome of adult subject. Based on the fundamentals of philosophy, the initial reflection evokes the difficulty of a homogeneous and satisfactory ethics, during the complex medical and paramedical course of this kind of patient, pointing some specific obstacles in the medical, psychological ethics or in the ethics of education. Then, a brief definition of the neuropsychology of language is followed by a presentation of the aphasia, a comment leaned on a mixed aphasia case study, containing a familial and a medical anamneses (Narrative medicine) and a neuropsychological balance assessment (narrative also), focused on the language, witch tends to show that, in a more or less diffuse way, the aphasic subject suffers from a lack of homogeneity on the set or part of the care chain, till the end of the long period of his language rehabilitation (at least three years), when his mother tongue became foreign language. The didactics of the languages, six-thousand-years-old, and its short history is briefly explained; it is the teaching aids proposed for the rehabilitation: the tutorage is especially conceived and adapted to the subject, showing the interest of the field of humanities and social sciences, in a course of care. The care takes into account the psychological state of the patient, his profoundly bruised identity, the neuropsychological balance assessment and the balance assessment of language. Finally, this study suggests the reality of the multidisciplinary field of medical ethics in the field of aphasiology. It expresses a synergy where the position of psychologist, neuropsychologist or speech pathologist, linguist, educationalist language can join.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01192873
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 3, 2015 - 5:17:05 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 21, 2019 - 5:39:30 AM
Long-term archiving on: Friday, December 4, 2015 - 12:05:10 PM

File

vd_jacquet-andrieu_armelle.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01192873, version 1

Collections

Citation

Armelle Andrieu Jacquet. Quand la langue maternelle devient langue étrangère : pour une éthique du vivre en situation de handicap ouverte aux Sciences humaines et sociales en cas d’aphasie. Ethique. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA05D019⟩. ⟨tel-01192873⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

559

Files downloads

1796