Etude in vivo du rôle de la région régulatrice en 3' du locus des chaînes lourdes d'immunoglobulines dans les réactions inflammatoires et la lymphomagenèse B

Abstract : B-cell maturation is under the control of the cis-regulatory elements of Ig genes. The four transcripional enhancers (hs3a, hs1,2, hs3b and hs4) of the mouse IgH 3’ regulatory region (3’RR) are the key elements for somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class-switch recombination (CSR). The 3'RR also stimulates Ig transcription during the mature B-cell stage. When associated with an oncogene, the 3’RR is a potent deregulator leading to B-cell lymphomas. Currently nothing is known about its role in the development of immune and inflammatory reactions. During my thesis, we have studied the impact of the 3’RR deletion on the development of inflammatory reactions in response to pristane in BALB/c mice. These studies have allowed us to show that the lack of the 3'RR does not disturb the development of an efficient inflammatory reaction in response to pristane (kinetics of appearance of ascites, volume, cellularity, recruitment of inflammatory cells and their capacity to produce inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines). This suggests the presence of B-cells physiologically capable to induce/spread/maintain a robust and efficient inflammatory immune response. After studying the role of the deletion of the 3'RR in an inflammatory context we have investigated the role of the 3’RR in a lymphomagenesis. For this we brought the 3’RR deficiency in a genetic background able to develop mature B-cell lymphomas (Igλ-Myc mice). While wt mice develop mature and immature B-cell lymphomas, 3’RR-deficient mice exhibit a strong preference for immature lymphomas. Furthermore 3’RR-deficiency leads to a lowered frequency of CD43+ activated B-cell lymphomas and to an increased frequency of CD5+ B-cell lymphomas. CSR and SHM are abrogated in 3’RR-deficient mice lowering the probability of oncogenic mutations during these stages. Pharmacological targeting of 3'RR to block its transcriptional pro-oncogenic effect on translocated oncogene into IgH locus might be a promising approach for the treatment of some mature human B-cell lymphomas.
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Faten Saad. Etude in vivo du rôle de la région régulatrice en 3' du locus des chaînes lourdes d'immunoglobulines dans les réactions inflammatoires et la lymphomagenèse B. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Limoges, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0030⟩. ⟨tel-01183184⟩

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