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Generalised Parton Distributions : from phenomenological approaches to Dyson-Schwinger equations

Abstract : This study is devoted to generalised parton distributions (GPDs). First, the main properties of GPDs are given to the reader. One can stress the so-called support properties and the polynomiality property. The latter is automatically fulfiled when modeling GPDs from double distributions (DDs), GPDs being considered as the Radon transform of DDs. In the scalar case, two DDs denoted by F and G are required to describe the GPD H. Due to the integral relation existing between H on one hand, and F and G on the other hand, F and G are not defnied unambiguously. This ambiguity is exploited in the present work in order to develop a new phenomenological parametrisation. Using the Radyushkin Ansatz, it is then possible get a realistic model of GPDs, and to compare it with available experimental data. In the present case, two types of models, one neglecting the GPD E, the other taking it into account are compared with the Jlab Hall A DVCS data. In the former cae, one can notice a better flexibility allowing to better reproduced the beam-helicity independent cross sections. In the latter one, only the GPD E is deeply modified, and thus the comparison with available data does not change significantly with respect to previous parametrisations. Only data more sensitive to E will allow one to selet the most relevant parametrisation.In order to go beyond phenomenological parametrisations, a first step has been done toward a dynamical description of hadron structure. Using the Dyson-Schwinger equations, it has been possible to compute analytically the pion GPD within the triangle diagram approximation. The comparison with available data (Form factor and PDF) appears to be very good. Nevertheless, this first model does not fulfil all the required properties. Especially the soft pion theorem, which corresponds to a specific kinematical limit. It has been shown in this work that this is due to the violation of the Axial-Vector Ward-Takahashi identity, and that the triangle approximation is sufficient to ensure the sof pion theorem. Still it violates the exchange symmetry x, 1-x, and thus additional terms, previously neglected, are taken into account. It is then possible to compute the probability density to find a quark at a given position in the transverse plan carrying a given momentum fraction. Finally, perspective on lightcone computations are given in the last chapter.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 24, 2015 - 2:37:05 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01180175, version 1

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Cédric Mezrag. Generalised Parton Distributions : from phenomenological approaches to Dyson-Schwinger equations. High Energy Physics - Phenomenology [hep-ph]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PA112144⟩. ⟨tel-01180175⟩

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