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Etude des spécificités du frittage par micro-ondes de poudres d'alumine alpha et gamma

Abstract : To meet the new economic and environmental constraints that the industry faces today, fast sintering processes are developed for the fabrication of ceramics. Among them, a promising technique is microwave sintering, in which the electromagnetic field at the origin of heating could be used to obtain innovative microstructures, while reducing sintering temperature, cycle time and energy consumption. To explain the particular behavior of powders under microwaves, different hypotheses related with thermal or non-thermal effects have been proposed in the literature. These effects, however, has not really been demonstrated for the moment, especially because of the limits of experimental devices that do not allow for a meaningful comparison of microwave sintering with conventional sintering. In this context, the work performed during this thesis in the framework of FμRNACE ANR project has been dedicated to identifying and understanding the influence of the electromagnetic field on the mechanisms of densification and microstructure changes in ceramic powders. High attention has been paid to the technological development of the single-mode microwave cavity used in our research. The heating process has been fully automated and instrumented with various equipments allowing for temperature and sample shrinkage measurement. The aim was to ensure direct and reliable comparison of microwave sintering data with those resulting from conventional sintering. Numerical simulation has been conducted to improve our understanding of the propagation of the electromagnetic field and its interaction with the components introduced in the microwave cavity. Alumina has been chosen as a reference material and the influence of several features of the powders (specific surface area, doping elements, phase transformation) on densification kinetics and microstructure changes has been studied. The results have identified specific effects of microwaves on the mechanisms controlling densification and grain growth. These effects occur essentially during the initial and intermediate stages of sintering and during the phase transformation of transition powders. They have been attributed to the ponderomotive force as already proposed in the literature. However the use of microwaves as a heating mode does not permit obtaining alumina with better microstructures than those resulting from conventional sintering.
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Jérémy Croquesel. Etude des spécificités du frittage par micro-ondes de poudres d'alumine alpha et gamma. Matériaux. Université de Grenoble, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015GRENI013⟩. ⟨tel-01179586⟩

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