L'image du monde arabe dans la littérature française et italienne du XIXe siècle : analogies, différences, possibles influences

Abstract : The conception of the Arab society, still so predominant with the public opinion, even with the most cultured one, be it Italian French or in winder terms European, originates from stereotype. The reactions to the latest "Arab springs" are a clear evidence. The belief arose in the XIX century and not in more ancient times as most people believe and think. Before that time, stating from the Middle Age, both Italian and somehow French literary production gave diverse pictures of the Arab society, which are very different from the current ones. Up to the XIX century this conception was not drastic and the Arab word was considered to be a legitimate and usual part of the Mediterranean civilization you could have strong conflicts with, but at the same time also business, political, economic and cultural relations. In the XIX century this belief totally changes and the Arab world seems to be an uncivilized society whose only opportunity is the European colonization. This opinion was born in France and Italy when the imperialist politics started and it finished in the second half of the century, after the union of Italy.
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Valerio Vittorini. L'image du monde arabe dans la littérature française et italienne du XIXe siècle : analogies, différences, possibles influences. Littératures. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015NICE2013⟩. ⟨tel-01178638⟩

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