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Étude des effets au cours du développement et pendant la vie adulte de l’invalidation du gène Men1 dans les progéniteurs endocrine pancréatiques

Abstract : Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type I syndrome (MEN1) is a rare hereditary tumoral disease characterized by the apparition of tumors in multiple endocrine organs including the endocrine pancreas. MEN1 patients generally carry a germinal mutation on one allele of the predisposing gene to the disease, the tumor suppressor MEN1. Pancreatic endocrine tumors are rare, slowly evolving and often present with metastasis at diagnosis. These tumors constitute a heterogeneous group defined by their hormonal secretions. Evolution and development of these tumors is far from being understood. The cell of origin of the different pancreatic endocrine tumor types is enigmatic, notably for tumors secreting non-pancreatic hormones such as gastrinomas. My thesis project was structured toward the characterization of a new murine model allowing the specific disruption of the Men1 gene in Ngn3+ pancreatic endocrine progenitors, the PancEndoMen1 KO model. The combined study of this new model and previous model generated in the team, allowed us to demonstrate that pancreatic gastrinomas related to Men1 inactivation, originate from the endogenous pancreatic endocrine cells. In parallel, our results demonstrated that the mutant mice having Men1-deficient Ngn3+-progenitors resulted in differential cell proliferation alterations in different pancreatic endocrine cells. Importantly, Men1-disruption in either pancreatic endocrine or pan-pancreatic progenitors displayed tumors with impaired differentiation features. Thus, this thesis works allowed to better characterize pancreatic endocrine tumors histogenesis by addressing the role of pancreatic endocrine progenitors targeted Men1 disruption during development in tumorigenesis
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Rémy Bonnavion. Étude des effets au cours du développement et pendant la vie adulte de l’invalidation du gène Men1 dans les progéniteurs endocrine pancréatiques. Cellular Biology. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013LYO10144⟩. ⟨tel-01169732⟩

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