Les obstacles à la constitution du couple amoureux dans les littératures orientale et française médiévales : Essais sur Floire et Blanchefleur et son modèle arabo-persan

Abstract : This study examines the hypothesis according to which “for there to be a “story”, a novel, there needs to be an obstacle hindering the realization of [love]” (Pierre Gallais). The obstacles of the lovers’ union reoccur in love stories from medieval times, as much in the Orient as in the Occident. These obstacles merit being brought to attention. To examine them is to recall that the reading of anonymous French idyll invites us, at times, to compare it to two amorous plots: one being Persian (Varqe and Gulšāh), the other Arabic ('Urwa and 'Afrā’). The thematic affinities between these related texts do not extinguish in any circumstance the originality of each novel. It should be noted that stories are not created from fortunate love and that to love often drives one to expose himself to others, parental opposition and to society. It shows love is only intensified with separation and suffering. It attempts to emphasize the paradox upon which these novels are based: the obstacle, which at first glance appears to worry the aspiring couples and condemn their idyll, decisively proves an indispensable element of the romantic plot which serves only to celebrate the intrepidity of young lovers. It is demonstrated in these texts that none of the obstacles encountered succeed in separating the lovers. Finally, it shows how individual and collective conversions finish by conferring a civilizing dimension to the texts, “an orientalizing tendency”, indeed “a Romanesque ‘Orientalism’”.
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Nejib Selmi. Les obstacles à la constitution du couple amoureux dans les littératures orientale et française médiévales : Essais sur Floire et Blanchefleur et son modèle arabo-persan. Littératures. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014NICE2047⟩. ⟨tel-01166039⟩

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