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Nucléation et formation de nouvelles particules à haute altitude

Abstract : New particle formation (NPF) results from a complex sequence of multiple processes and contributes to an important fraction of the total atmospheric aerosol number concentration. After they grow, newly formed particles can act as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), and thus have indirect effect on the Earth radiative balance through cloud related radiative processes. While NPF has often been observed and studied at low altitudes, the occurrence of the process is poorly documented in the literature for high altitude sites. We report a high annual frequency of the NPF process (64%) at the highest measurement site in the world, Chacaltaya (5240 m, Bolivia), in 2012, with frequent multiple events. At the puy de Dôme station (1465 m, ACTRIS, GAW), the occurrence of NPF in the free troposphere was detected using a unique instrumental setup. A complete analysis of the vertical extension of the NPF process was performed based on airborne measurements conducted above the Mediterranean basin in the frame of the HYMEX project (MISTRALS, September – November 2012). Our observations suggest that NPF could be favored at high altitudes with a probability of occurrence increased by 10 above 1000 m. At these altitudes, NPF could significantly contribute to the production of CCN, since 68% of the analyzed events show particle growth up to CCN sizes at Chacaltaya. The high number of observations recorded in various environments also contributed to improve our knowledge regarding the charge of the nucleated clusters, the identity of the gaseous precursors and the atmospheric parameters influencing the NPF process. This will allow a better parameterization of the NPF process in modelling tools.
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Clémence Rose. Nucléation et formation de nouvelles particules à haute altitude. Sciences de la Terre. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014CLF22507⟩. ⟨tel-01162629⟩

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