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De la "Politique publique" à la pratique des comparutions immédiates : une sociologie de l'action publique au prisme des configurations locales et nationale

Abstract : At the beginning of the 2000s, the Ministry of Justice encouraged magistrates to resort to comparutions immédiates, which leads to an increase of their use. Public policy, as well as the ecological analysis, are nevertheless insufficient to explain the widely different evolutions from a territory to the other one. Magistrates’practices are also the product of their respective positions within a local figuration as well as within a national one, this position depending on their own social properties. These figurations are structured systems of interdependence,characterized by stability as well as by permanent movement, and they force individual practices. In the national figuration, a prosecutor’s practices depend on the position of his court in the “competition” for comparutions immediates, as well as on the social properties of the prosecutor. Especially, these local policies are the product of the structuration of the alliances and oppositions involving a plurality of local actors, such as magistrates,policemen, lawyers and regional journalists.
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Thomas Léonard. De la "Politique publique" à la pratique des comparutions immédiates : une sociologie de l'action publique au prisme des configurations locales et nationale. Science politique. Université du Droit et de la Santé - Lille II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LIL20025⟩. ⟨tel-01159280⟩

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