The notion of effort in Bergson, in his predecessors and his contemporaries

Abstract : The question about the notion of will in the philosophy of Henri Bergson (1859-1941) is closely related with the principal notion of his thought, the notion of duration. We have to study the notion of will as a force within the creative time and not only as a mental faculty. In this way, the term of the effort in Bergson's philosophy or more accurately the sentiment ofthe effort is the essential condition of the will. The aim of our research is to reveal the affinity between the voluntary effort and the Bergson's conception of the time as invention. At the same time, our purpose is to compare the effort of Bergson with two other theories : with this one of Maine de Biran (1766-1824) and that one William James (1842-1910). Despite the filiation between Biran and Bergson, according the first one, the time is a product of the effort, while Bergson radicalize his conception of time and the effort is a condition which reinforces the ontological fact of the novelty. In spite of the differences between the psychological theory of James and Bergson's duration, the two philosophers will come across each other decisively regarding the topic of the experience of the novelty. In any case, for all the three of them the effort is a principal element of the will, which exceeds the human intelligence, because of the fact that the effort actualizes the potentialities of the conscience.
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Theologia Kanteraki. The notion of effort in Bergson, in his predecessors and his contemporaries. Philosophy. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2014. Greek. ⟨NNT : 2014LIL30011⟩. ⟨tel-01158982⟩

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