Entre "Ça" et "Comme ça", différences entre la deixis ad oculos et la deixis am phantasma au niveau gestuel, intonatif et syntaxique : étude chez des enfants entre 4 et 7 ans

Abstract : In this thesis, I treat with the question of Deixis on three levels of language: Syntax, phonetic and gestural. The main idea is that the Deixis does not end on pointing out a present object and can go further with more abstract features. This thesis has three basic parts. The first contains a definitional chapter and in the second chapter I present the three basic processes of Deixis: categorization, nomination and memorization. In the second part, I study the cognitive process of Deixis from a dynamic point of view and use theories and concepts to clarify its methodology. I explain the dynamics of Deixis Ad Oculos and Deixis Am Phantasm showing how this dynamic is completely dependent on the personal representations of the subject. The concepts share and egocentrage give us a sense of analysis that we can use as criteria to decide whether such subject has good communicative gesture to clarify his message to others. These concepts can be very interesting in terms of research regarding actor’s behavior and detection studies. Thus, with some deeper research we can create lists of criteria and characteristics that will help us to distinguish and detect the appropriate behavior from the inappropriate one. Similarly, we can define normal behavior from the abnormal one and apply these criteria and indicators on children with disabilities, such as dyslexia and autism, to help them to express themselves in the future.
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Khalid Rashdan. Entre "Ça" et "Comme ça", différences entre la deixis ad oculos et la deixis am phantasma au niveau gestuel, intonatif et syntaxique : étude chez des enfants entre 4 et 7 ans. Linguistique. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA05H031⟩. ⟨tel-01158465⟩

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