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Mécanismes de la sexualité en France, bisexualité et enjeux sociétaux : l'essor d'une nouvelle révolution sexuelle

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to find out what guides our choices in terms of sexuality, private behaviour, in our social identity representation in western society and more precisely in France. Bisexuality embodies a new form of sexuality that questions the link that may exist between sex (and all the devices that go along with such as bisexual identity, bisexual militancy and the actual practice of bisexuality) and social institutions. Our thesis goes from the question of our sexual freedom all the way up to the hypotheses that we are the stakeholders and the victims at the same time of a power of sexuality that mingles institutional actions in our private sphere and opposition in our public sphere. Therefore sexuality becomes the object of political stakes and the object of a complex mechanism, a kind of machinery that intermingles with a variety of notions : body, desire, procreation, parenthood and gender as a link-up of the whole. While bisexuality being a priority in this study, the critical analysis of heterosexuality, homosexuality and homoparenthood in the french society is transversal, being questioned in relation to the actual practice of sexuality in the french society. A first survey helped us understand how french people look at this link and question the key-ideas wich are essential to our thesis. The psychanalytic theories on sexuality – and sexualities – and specifically the Freudian theories, together with our field survey, shows that we might be at the edge of a new sexual era, presenting new boundaries between the private and the public spheres. This allows us to talk about a new sexual revolution following the one that occured in the Occident in the 1970s. This sexual revolution, as asserted in his time by Michel Foucault, brings to mind the idea of a sexuality that reveals its social and political power and can lead us to speak of a « sexual monarchy ». Through this analysis based on a theoretical study and a field survey, this thesis helps us understand our sexual and emotional choices and the way we handle our love feeling in a society where the links between sexual speeches and their political representations seem to be ambiguous. This leads us to question our sexual freedom. Furthermore, how to consider the new place of sexual minorities in France today ? Is bisexuality the embodiment of a new revolution regarding how we live our sexuality and the way we love each other ?
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2015 - 2:42:06 PM
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Lucie Lembrez. Mécanismes de la sexualité en France, bisexualité et enjeux sociétaux : l'essor d'une nouvelle révolution sexuelle. Philosophie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015USPCB043⟩. ⟨tel-01157714⟩



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