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Du bon usage du bovarysme dans la classe de français : développer l'empathie fictionnelle des élèves pour les aider à lire les récits littéraires : l'exemple du journal de personnage

Abstract : With mirror neurons and simulation theories, recent findings in neuroscience on inter-subjective relations offer new data to literary theory about fictional narrative. They help restore literary bovarysm of which cognitive version, the fictional empathy, is the subject of this thesis. It appears that, in a world created by fiction, the fictional empathy that the reader feels for characters allows him to understand their mental states and anticipate their behavior. Thus, the fictional emotions, real catalyst of the simulation process that allows the reader to physically experience the perspective of the character, fully participate in the process of understanding and interpreting the story. The objective is therefore to rethink the mental activity of the reader of fiction, with a focus on how the reader grasps the fictional world and gets involved emotionally. The capacity for fictional empathy then becomes a reader’s skill, essential to immerse himself in the fictional universe. This approach raises a question about the teaching of literary reading. When reading fiction, in which way and how is it advisable to seek the students’ fictional empathy for the characters? To address this issue, this thesis proposes that a reading-cum-writing support mechanism be envisaged: the "character’s diary". The experiment conducted in CM2 and 6th grade classes, relates to the diary of Gilgamesh, mythological hero whose adventure stories belong to our founding texts. Through the observation of students' written along with the analysis of interviews and individual questionnaires, it would appear that fictional writing requested from students in the first person are a means to exercise their capacity for fictional empathy and as a corollary develop their skills in literary reading.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01155167
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2015 - 11:37:38 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 6, 2022 - 3:14:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01155167, version 1

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Véronique Larrivé. Du bon usage du bovarysme dans la classe de français : développer l'empathie fictionnelle des élèves pour les aider à lire les récits littéraires : l'exemple du journal de personnage. Littératures. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014BOR30044⟩. ⟨tel-01155167⟩

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