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Theses

Microsystèmes séparatifs pour l'extraction liquide-liquide des radioéléments dans les protocoles d'analyse

Abstract : Radiochemical analyses are necessary to numerous steps for nuclear wastes management and for the control of the environment. An analytical protocol generally includes different steps of chemical separations which are lengthy, manual and complicated to implement because of their confinement in glove boxes and because of the hostile chemical and radiochemical media. Thus there is a huge importance to propose innovative and robust solutions to automate these steps but also to reduce the volumes of the radioactive and chemical wastes at the end of the analytical cycle. One solution consists in the miniaturization of the analyses through the use of lab-on-chip.The objective of this thesis work was to propose a rational approach to the conception of separation microsystems for the liquid-liquid extraction of radionuclides. To achieve this, the hydrodynamic behavior as well as the extraction performances have been investigated in one chip for three different chemical systems: Eu(III)-HNO3/DMDBTDMA, Eu(III)-AcO(H,Na)-HNO3/HDEHP and U(VI)-HCl/Aliquat® 336. A methodology has been developed for the implementation of the liquid-liquid extraction in microsystem for each chemical system. The influence of various geometric parameters such as channel length or specific interfacial area has been studied and the comparison of the liquid-liquid extraction performances has led to highlight the influence of the phases viscosities ratio on the flows. Thanks to the modeling of both hydrodynamics and mass transfer in microsystem, the criteria related to physical and kinetic properties of the chemical systems have been distinguished to propose a rational conception of tailor-made chips. Finally, several examples of the liquid-liquid extraction implementation in microsystem have been described for analytical applications in the nuclear field: U/Co separation by Aliquat® 336, Eu/Sm separation by DMDBTDMA or even the coupling between a liquid-liquid extraction chip and the system of detection which is the ICP-MS.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01153116, version 1

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Gwendolyne Hellé. Microsystèmes séparatifs pour l'extraction liquide-liquide des radioéléments dans les protocoles d'analyse. Chimie analytique. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA066658⟩. ⟨tel-01153116⟩

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