Valorisation des xylanes du bois : vers la synthèse de copolymères amphiphiles bio-sourcés

Abstract : This thesis work aims to add value to xylans by designing new bio-based amphiphilic polymers.Beechwood xylans were first fully characterized before their acidic hydrolysis. The hydrolysis conditions were optimized in order to obtain well-defined xylooligosaccharides, oligomeric chains of about six xylose units that have only one methylglucuronic acid unit positioned at the non-reductive chain end. Periodate oxidation of xylans was also studied in order to form new aldehyde groups within the xylan backbone in a controlled manner. The xylooligomers were then functionalized from their reductive end with an azide or an allyl group, providing the ability to couple these oligomers to fatty acid derivatives using ‘click chemistry’.The obtained amphiphilic oligomers were finally studied according to their surfactant and self-assembly properties. Their wetting properties were found to be very good, comparable to those found with Tween®80. Moreover, they self-assembled in both chloroform and water, where their structures were characterized via DLS and TEM. The resulting particles formed had a spherical micellar morphology, with a d ≤ 50 nm. However, it was found that the particles had a tendency to form large aggregates, particularly in chloroform. The aggregates could be easily removed, either by filtration or by dilution of the sample, as the forces that govern the aggregation are low enough to allow dissociation with increasing solvent volume.As previously mentioned, this thesis work led to the synthesis of bio-based amphiphilic oligomers starting from xylans, which are a potential byproduct in the paper/pulp industry. Thanks to their surfactant properties, numerous applications can be found for such a ‘green’ surfactant. Their biocompatibility added with their self-assembly nature in aqueous media makes them an attractive molecule for active substance delivery applications.
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Maud Chemin. Valorisation des xylanes du bois : vers la synthèse de copolymères amphiphiles bio-sourcés. Polymères. Université de Bordeaux, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014BORD0302⟩. ⟨tel-01152890⟩

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