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Stratégies durables pour un service public d’eau à Paris : analyser et gérer les politiques d’hier, d'aujourd'hui et de demain

Abstract : The public water supply service in Paris is most certainly developed... but is it sustainable? And how can we measure or improve its sustainability? We will here attempt to provide a scientific answer to this question. The purpose of this Ph. D. thesis is to analyze sustainability strategies for public water services, with Paris as a main case study. In less than 2 centuries, the water service in Paris rose from an archaic water supply system to the current state of the art technical and social configuration. However, we wonder now to what extent this collective effort can be continued – or not – in the future. In the first part of the thesis, we discuss the theoretical and methodological framework used to understand the dynamics governing the development and sustainability of public water services in general. This analytical framework is then applied to 3 case studies: past, present and future Paris’ public water supply development. First, we study the sustainability of past development, to explain how a water service has been developed and maintained in Paris over time and up until now. We analyze the ecological, technical, economical, institutional, political dynamics of this development, in order to identify their driving forces and limitations. Secondly, we assess the sustainability of present time development. We evaluate the capacity of today’s policies (e.g. Corporate Social Responsibility) to modify dynamics, configurations and trajectories inherited from the past. Current sustainable development policies provide significant improvements, but they face resistance and tend to remain marginal or marginalized, even though a strong consensus exists in their favor. Finally, we anticipate the sustainability of future development. We analyze the main projects that are officially contemplated (e.g. the Great Paris water utility project) and their consequences on both sustainability and development. In addition, we built several forward-looking scenarios, in order to discuss possible future paths of evolution and their consequences, facing the declining water demand experienced in Paris since 1990. The purpose of this thesis is thus twofold: on one hand, it aims at enhancing the theoretical understanding of sustainability issues and strategies for water services; on the other hand, it aims at providing improved tools to define, implement and evaluate the sustainable development of tomorrow’s public water service policies.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 22, 2016 - 9:36:15 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:38:11 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01150236, version 3


Julien Souriau. Stratégies durables pour un service public d’eau à Paris : analyser et gérer les politiques d’hier, d'aujourd'hui et de demain. Environnement et Société. L’Institut des Sciences et Industries du Vivant et de l’Environnement (AgroParisTech) - CIRED, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014CIRED35024⟩. ⟨tel-01150236v3⟩



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