L'esthétique du récit bref à la fin du moyen age : réécritures, marges et interférences

Abstract : At the end of the Middle Ages, literary works can be characterised by the hybridisation, or the contamination, of disparate traditions and models. Their dissonance is striking. The impossibility of shoehorning them into the same precise frame of reference and the difficulty in classifying them bears witness to this particularity.We will approach the question from the point of view of the short narrative, exploring the diversified, European domain of the novella from the 13th to the 16th century.The cultural and political conditions (system of knowledge diffusing from a precise geographical frame, authors’ movements, exchanges and collaborations between two specific artistic and cultural spaces, ritualisation of literary practices, radicalisation of fixed poetic form) all lead to applying both a rigorous and a pragmatic approach to the literary ‘object’. Our objective is to go beyond the habitual critical framework.Thus it is with this dynamic and pragmatic perspective that we will set about dissecting these experimentations, these still-hesitant formulae governed by the mutability of the medieval text, which drifts from one form to another. This is also the case for the short narrative that we see elsewhere in the ‘fabliau’, the ‘conte à rire’, the novel, and memoir. These transformations confront us with the choice of individualised approaches for each work, for the application of each short story will forever remain unique and unclassable. Is it not a reflection of a late-medieval society which is searching and has not yet found the definitive form for the expression of new aspirations? It is the only criterion which allows us to define the ‘style’ of the novella.
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Céline Marchand. L'esthétique du récit bref à la fin du moyen age : réécritures, marges et interférences. Littératures. Université du Maine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LEMA3008⟩. ⟨tel-01149584⟩

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