Evolution géodynamique de la Mer d’Alboran par l’étude des bassins sédimentaires

Abstract : The Alboran Sea is a back-arc basin located at the western end of the Mediterranean Sea, and has been affected by complex tectonic settings during its history. Based on a multidisciplinary "land-sea" approach, this work focuses on two major research topics: it aims (1) to better understand the opening and deformation processes of two key sedimentary basins during the Neogene, and (2) to study the effects and imprints of the Messinian Salinity Crisis onto the basins.Tectonic and stratigraphic analysis of the thickest sedimentary accumulation called Western Alboran Basin (WAB) led to build an original tectonic scenario in the Miocene. Inception of extension was triggered by major crustal shear zones favoring the exhumation of the metamorphic basement. Then, the subsidence became most probably controlled by the slab-pull effect of the underlying oceanic slab. In the Betic Cordilleras, a second generation of sedimentary basins, as the Sorbas Basin, developed along metamorphic core complexes exhumed during an extension regime. A set of paleogeographic maps proposes to explain the formation of the Alboran basins in relation with deep geodynamic processes.Field studies evidenced that peripheral basins bounding the Alboran Sea have been affected by a significant subaerial erosional phase in response to the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Stratigraphic analysis of seismic profiles demonstrated the onshore/offshore continuity of fluvial canyon morphologies recognized on land. A new scenario is then proposed to explain the reopening of the worldwide oceanic connection with the Mediterranean realm after more than 160.000 years of emersion.
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Damien Do Couto. Evolution géodynamique de la Mer d’Alboran par l’étude des bassins sédimentaires. Sciences de la Terre. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA066019⟩. ⟨tel-01148777⟩

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