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Élaboration et réalisation de transistors à effet de champ à canal microfluidique intégré dédiés à la détection en milieu liquide

Abstract : This work presents the achievement of specific and original electronic devices (Field effect transistor with microfluidic channel), dedicated to the detection of chemical and biochemical species in liquid. This device relies on the technologies of suspended gate transistor, developed in IETR, with a major improvement in the structure by adjunction of a microfluidic channel integrated in the structure. This structure named transistor with integrated microfluidic channel must enable to guarantee the flow of liquid under the gate, while keeping the high sensitivity of the SGFET. This architecture also allows increasing its robustness and reliability while requiring only a very small amount of chemicals solutions. Microchannels with good mechanical properties were fabricated by surface micromachining using different materials as a sacrificial layer. These channels have been integrated into a FET and microfluidic accesses (inlet / outlet) were provided by making openings via the front face. Electrical tests showed good functioning of these sensors with high sensitivity of pH measurement. However in this case, liquid flow is mainly achieved by capillarity. An improvement on the architecture of the structure was made with opening on the rear face. A good behaviour with high sensitivity of pH measurement was presented. Finally, a hybrid structure containing one opening access in the front face and one on the rear face was elaborated and the injection of the solution was successful.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01148482, version 1

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Ismaïl Bouhadda. Élaboration et réalisation de transistors à effet de champ à canal microfluidique intégré dédiés à la détection en milieu liquide. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. Université Rennes 1, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014REN1S131⟩. ⟨tel-01148482⟩

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