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De l'épuisement du corps à l'affaissement de soi : effets des transformations des freins et des contrepoids au travail sur la vie des individus

Abstract : Contemporary work is recognized as an ambivalent experiment, i.e. carrying intrinsic individual satisfactions and the means to achieve them and, at the same time, bringing various kinds of sufferings and psychological sicknesses: burn out, stress, anxiety, depression, etc. Our thesis is based on joint contributions of industrial sociology, mental health sociology and the French branch of individual sociology, and its purpose is to give a renewed approach on the social processes of the experiment of contemporary work. In the same manner as sociology always recognized the central part played by work in modern sociality, the thesis postulates that the society always had to find the ways to fit it into social life (both its moral value and its potential of practical invasion). For this purpose the society unceasingly had to create social mechanisms able to control the part of work on the life of people: brakes and counterweights of work. They refer to whole components of sociality which govern the personal part an individual engages in work, marking out the objective and subjective influence on the existence. Our research hypothesis is: by recalling some transformations within the brakes and counterweights of work since Fordism (1940-1970) until nowadays, we will be able to clarify what, beyond managerial standards and injunctions, leads our contemporaries to be mobilized so intensely with respect to work and to grant such importance to its expressive remunerations (recognition, oneself achievement, etc). Two forms of professional “pathology”, professional overwork and burn out, linked to the experiment of Taylorist work and contemporary work (or post-Taylorist), are used as empirical anchoring. Starting from a corpus of investigations questioning the complaint of burn out and professional overwork (drawn on the existing literature), the thesis casts new light on certain difficulties which took part in the appearance of professional overwork and burn out during the History, in Quebec and in France. More precisely, the compared study of their complaint seeks to see whether one or other difficulty lets guess some transformations which the brakes and counterweights of work would have known, between Fordism and the current post-Fordism, and to bring out some possible consequences for an individual of each period concerned.
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Laurie Kirouac. De l'épuisement du corps à l'affaissement de soi : effets des transformations des freins et des contrepoids au travail sur la vie des individus. Sociologie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III; Université du Québec à Montréal, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LIL30062⟩. ⟨tel-01147649⟩



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