A V-shape superconducting artificial atom for circuit quantum electrodynamics

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the experimental realisation of an artificial atom with a V-shape energy level diagram.Inspired by trapped-ion experiments, we theoretically predict an ultra fast and high fidelity quantum nondestructive readout of qubit state by using the V-shape artificial atom in a circuit quantum electrodynamicsarchitecture.To realise this experiment, we have developed an experimental setup to perform transmission measurementsof our superconducting quantum circuits by heterodyne technique at very low temperatures (30mK) and verylow signal amplitude (fW). We also implemented a hardware and software environment enabling multi-tonespectroscopies and time-resolved measurements in order to control the quantum state of the artificial atomand the coherent field in the resonator. In addition, in order to optimise the experiment circuits we havecharacterised quarterwave microwave resonators made from aluminium and epitaxial rhenium thin films.The original quantum device is fabricated by two inductively coupled transmons. When the couplinginductance is of the order of the Josephson inductance, we observe “in-phase” and “out-of-phase” oscillatingmodes of the superconducting phase across the junctions. The energy spectrum of the system, measured bytwo-tone spectroscopy, is magnetic flux dependent. It is precisely described by our theoretical model leadingto an accurate determination of the circuit parameters. Because of their anharmonicity, in the low-energylimit, the two modes can be considered as two-level systems called qubits. At zero magnetic field, it hasbeen observed that the two qubits become coupled only by a cross-anharmonicity. This has been revealed,through three-tone spectroscopy, by a conditional frequency shift as large as 115MHz of one qubit transitiondepending on the other qubit state. All these experimental results demonstrate a V-shape energy diagram forour artificial atom which paves the way to an original and high performance read-out
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Etienne Dumur. A V-shape superconducting artificial atom for circuit quantum electrodynamics. Condensed Matter [cond-mat]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAY003⟩. ⟨tel-01147222⟩

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