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Prévention et vieillissement : l'expérience individuelle du vieillissement face à la norme contemporaine du "bien vieillir"

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to question the individual experiences of aging in the context of structuring a prevention policy. This is first of all to question the direction of policy development for the prevention of dependence in order to "aging well" and to update the social production of a speech on the route of the old. A reading Foucault in terms of government bodies, brings up prevention in aging as an attempt to define practices and lifestyles of old age, a security and standardization of individual pathways of aging. The search then returns the diversity of actors contributing to the creation of institutional careers around dependence - prevention from upstream: the political actors first, who participated in setting the agenda for a new government problematization form of old age, based on scientific research on the "successful aging", developed by geriatricians and psychologists in the late 90s. Prevention policy also involves traditional actors of old age policies and aging: the cases of the state pension and supplementary pension funds, through their social action fund, implement actions for “frailty" retired and participate in the construction of the field of prevention of dependence. The thesis, based on a formal comparison of the speech of the elderly and speech of prevention, shows the gap between those who are aging and those who treat it and try to take in charge, and questions the periodization of life that public policies build. A sociology of life course points to the fact that the experience of aging and to prevention are dependent on position on special social classes. The social roots appeared to be highly discriminating concerning daily practices, lifestyles, abilities and skills mobilized, as well as perceptions of life course trajectories and aging. Aging then appears in this study as a time of maturation, during which individuals proofread their past, thanks to the central events of their life course and their perception of their future.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 27, 2015 - 11:47:04 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 1:52:05 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01145883, version 1



Stéphane Alvarez. Prévention et vieillissement : l'expérience individuelle du vieillissement face à la norme contemporaine du "bien vieillir". Sociologie. Université de Grenoble, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENH010⟩. ⟨tel-01145883⟩



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