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Addiction au jeu vidéo : Processus cognitifs émotionnels et comportementaux impliqués dans son émergence, son maintien et sa prise en charge

Abstract : Video game addiction is not yet a fully recognized diagnosis. To address this phenomenon, we question the concept of addiction without substance. Known as a behavioral addiction in DSM-V, pathological gambling is the prototype of addictions without substance. The excessive use of video games has been the subject of multiple comparisons with pathological gambling. With the advent of Internet, research and the clinical approach have highly focused on the excessive use of online games. In light of the current literature, we have chosen to address video game addiction according to the plurality of existing games and the different games modes. Our research lies in the scope of cognitive psychology and is rooted in the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approach. The first study allows to specify the emotional, cognitive and behavioral functionings of assiduous video game players. We describe a set of psychological phenomena that are resonant with the current literature on video game addiction. In addition, some cognitions of players draw near to anticipatory, relief-oriented and permissive beliefs described by Beck et al. (1993). For us, specific cognitions and behaviors underlie an attention process which is directed towards the game for some and outwards of the game for others. We explore different game moments: before, during and after the game but also, at the moment of winning and losing. Comparisons between the game moments reveal a dynamic of emotions, cognitions and behaviors related to the game. The second study involves the operationalization of psychological variables identified in the first study and the construction of a new measure of video game addiction. This questionnaire allowed us to establish separate groups of players considered excessive and non-excessive video game players. Between these players, we performed statistical comparisons based on the emotions, cognitions and behaviors that are specific to our studies. From our results, therapeutic proposals related to CBT are discussed. An adaptation of addiction model of Beck et al. (1993) is proposed. Two case studies allow to illustrate these results and to address the specific clinical approach of the video game addiction. In addition to the conclusions related to our work, we discuss on new research avenues that seem to predict future studies on video game addiction. Even if we remain cautious, some current data converge towards the link between addiction and excessive use of video games. Our findings are added to this argumentation. With the proposal of "Internet gaming disorder" in Section III of the DMS-V, it is all the more necessary to continue studies.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 23, 2015 - 2:48:06 PM
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Pierre Taquet. Addiction au jeu vidéo : Processus cognitifs émotionnels et comportementaux impliqués dans son émergence, son maintien et sa prise en charge. Psychologie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LIL30029⟩. ⟨tel-01145205⟩



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