Multi-modal registration of T1 brain image and geometric descriptors of white matter tracts

Viviana Siless 1
1 PARIETAL - Modelling brain structure, function and variability based on high-field MRI data
NEUROSPIN - Service NEUROSPIN, Inria Saclay - Ile de France
Abstract : Brain image registration aims at reducing anatomical variability across subjects to create a common space for group analysis. Multi-modal approaches intend to minimize cortex shape variations along with internal structures, such as fiber bundles. These approaches require prior identification of the structures, which remains a challenging task in the absence of a complete reference atlas. We propose an extension of the Diffeomorphic Demons image registration to jointly register images and fiber bundles. In this thesis we analyze differents representations of the fiber bundles such as ordered points, clouds of points, Currents and Measures. Different distances are analyzed and implemented into the registration algorithm. To simplify white matter representation we also analyze, use and extend existing clustering algorithms. By extending the image registration to include geometric fiber bundles descriptors we hope to improve future analyses regarding both, grey and white matter. We demonstrate the efficacy of our algorithm by registering simultaneously T1 images and fiber bundles and compare results with a multi-modal T1+Fractional Anisotropy (FA) and a tensor-based registration algorithms and obtain superior performance with our approach. We provide preliminary evidence that our implementation improves the sensitivity of activation detection in fMRI group studies.
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Viviana Siless. Multi-modal registration of T1 brain image and geometric descriptors of white matter tracts. Medical Imaging. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014PA112147⟩. ⟨tel-01144171⟩

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