De l’écriture personnelle à l’écriture de l’histoire : questions d’identité dans l’œuvre de Ilse Losa et de Samuel Rawet

Abstract : Our compared study deals with the literary work of Ilse Losa (1913-2006), a German exiled in Portugal, and Samuel Rawet (1929-1984), a Polish immigrant in Brazil, which have adopted Portuguese as writing language. Having arrived in these lusophone countries a few years before the declaration of the Second World War, both share a jewish origin which is expressed in their characters in the form of conflicts between memory and forgetfulness, communitarianism and integration, tradition and cultural performativity. Moreover, their conditions of women and homosexual acted as an inspiration for the construction of a work opposing gender duality in a context of oppression in these host countries : The Salazarist New State (1933-1974) and the military dictatorship in Brazil (1964-1985). This way, through their personal writings in which the jewish identity and the gender identity are key elements, we can consider the exclusion in a broader way. These authors give us a picture of the brazilian and portuguese societies between the end of the 30’s and beginning of the 80’s, highlighting the power relations between elites and masses. During a period in which the national identity is being built on the basis of the myth of the great empire in Portugal and of multiculturalism in Brazil, Ilse Losa and Samuel Rawet show that the nation is always a narrative.
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Karina Carvalho de Matos Marques. De l’écriture personnelle à l’écriture de l’histoire : questions d’identité dans l’œuvre de Ilse Losa et de Samuel Rawet . Littératures. Université Paris 3 - Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01143977v4⟩

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