Etude de la gestion du bétail à l'aide de la méthode des micro-usures dentaires dans le Midi méditerranéen entre l'âge du Bronze et la période gallo-romaine.

Abstract : Dental micro-wear is a tool for the reconstruction of diets of many species, including herbivores. The effectiveness of this method has been proven for many wild species, but few studies have been conducted on domestic populations. Interpretation of results for wild species is based on database that do not exist in domestic context, where feeding of herds is influenced by the herder. Creation of this database is necessary to interpret results of domestic species, especially in archaeology to study the management of herds of herbivorous species of the domestic triad (cattle, sheep and goat). Its creation is the main object of this study, before its application to teeth remains of three archaeological sites from southern France, Lattara, le Castellas and les Terriers. The database has highlighted a strong climatic influence at the European scale, while at the level of the site other factors including anthropogenic choices or seasonality are observed. The study of archaeological samples from the sites revealed extensive management with feeding areas separated from the herds of cattle and caprine. An evolution in alimentation of cattle is seen in the third century BCE in Lattara only, probably related to an economic reorganization and so agropastoral, in connection with a strong demographic growth. A two-scales breeding, family and trade oriented is thought for this period. Finally, some data sets suggest slaughters in reduced temporal intervals.
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Cyrille Rieau. Etude de la gestion du bétail à l'aide de la méthode des micro-usures dentaires dans le Midi méditerranéen entre l'âge du Bronze et la période gallo-romaine.. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014MON30063⟩. ⟨tel-01142822⟩

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