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LE LIBER VISIONUM ET MIRACULORUM ÉDITION DU MANUSCRIT N° 946 DE LA BIBLIOTHÈQUE MUNICIPALE DE TROYES

Abstract : The interest of the "exemplum" as a material for the study of medieval preaching and religion is now well established. From the end of the twelfth century, the Cistercian order actively contributed to the renewal of this genre. Most Cistercian collections reflecting this revival are known and published at least partially. The oldest among them was an exception so far. This unique manuscript, now preserved in the French library of Troyes (manuscript No. 946), nerver copied but extensively used by later authors, deserved a critical edition and a detailed study : in itself, as well as in comparison with the widespread collections which followed, it sheds a new light on the the lives and concerns of the Cistercian order a few decades after the death of St. Bernard. The collection was composed in Clairvaux before 1174, and extended between 1174 and 1180 by an increase in the fourth part. It is anonymous, but it can reasonably be identified as the "Collectaneum" compiled by Prior John of Clairvaux, mentioned in the "Chronicon Clarevallense". Although its content is somewhat heterogeneous, a number of overarching themes stand out, among which we can mention the Hereafter and the relations between living and dead (illustrated by stories of visions and exempla), the major role of the Virgin Mary (miracles and exempla), the importance of the Mass and the Eucharist (Expositio Missae, many eucharistic miracles), and the fight against heresy, particularly in Italy (exorcism stories). This collection contains not only numerous exempla, but also an "Expositio Missae", two widely known "Visions" (Visio Tnugdali and Visions of Elizabeth of Schönau, the latter in a truncated version), a series of miracles of the Virgin and a few other miscellaneous elements. A significant part of the material is second hand, but many exempla, especially those from the Cistercian order which can be found reused in later collections, appear in this one for the first time. Among other recent and unpublished stories, this collection contains several episodes from the life of St. Bernard, the oldest written testimony concerning the Lyonnais Valdes (founder of the Waldensian movement) and the story of a dramatic exorcism in 1173 in the city of Lodi, also known by a local testimony. Given the uniqueness of the manuscript, editing text seeks to comply as much as possible spellings, scheduling and structure. The uploaded file is an intermediate version between the thesis presented in 2000 for the diploma of Ecole des chartes (palaeographer archivist), and the book published in 2005 (Collectaneum exemplorum ac visionum Clarevallense, Brepols, 2005, Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis, 208).
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Olivier Legendre. LE LIBER VISIONUM ET MIRACULORUM ÉDITION DU MANUSCRIT N° 946 DE LA BIBLIOTHÈQUE MUNICIPALE DE TROYES. Histoire. Ecole nationale des chartes, 2000. Français. ⟨tel-01142504⟩

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