La procédure de data-room dans la vente d'immeubles affectés à une activité commerciale.

Abstract : Regarding the legal aspect, the data room procedure is divided into two phases. The first one, a pre-contractual phase, will oblige the bidders to determine the value of the property following a due diligence process of each of its components (legal, financial, tax …), and then to provide a binding offer at an agreed date. The second phase, the contractual one, will allow the bidder selected by the seller to finalize, by the drafting of a call option and a deed, the conditions of completion of the sale.The use of such a procedure is not without risks. On the one hand, since no specific law is applicable, such procedure is not subject to a specific regime and therefore falls under the common law of civil liability (tort and contract) and exceptionally criminal liability. On the other hand, the abundance of legal standards that must be respected by the bidders when valorizing the property may lead to a risk of mistake. The economic impact of such risk is an overvaluation of the purchase price.In order to deal with this double level of risks that are considered as legal and operational risks, the liability regime governing such procedure had to be, in the first place, determined and thus for each phase, and, in second place, the due diligence process had to be analyzed in order to establish a most exhaustive template as possible .
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Maxime Faurel. La procédure de data-room dans la vente d'immeubles affectés à une activité commerciale.. Droit. Université Paris-Est, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PEST0020⟩. ⟨tel-01142484⟩

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