HAL will be down for maintenance from Friday, June 10 at 4pm through Monday, June 13 at 9am. More information
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

La construction de critères de scientificité pour la démarche d'investigation : une approche pragmatique pour l'enseignement de la physique à l'école primaire

Abstract : The purpose of this thesis is to propose a pragmatic epistemology of school science in primary school. Indeed, some of the difficulties encountered by inquiry-based science education may be attributed to a lack of understanding of the very nature of science. A survey on the perception of science by incumbent teachers and teachers in training confirms that most of them have a relatively vague vision grounded in a form of naive empiricism. A practical set of criteria of scientificity adapted to the school context is developed through a “bottom-up” approach based on actual classroom practices. Its efficiency at discriminating scientific and non-scientific practices is discussed, as well as the didactical and epistemological implications of its use. It is thus possible to deduce evolutive definitions of a school science that is normative yet subordinated to the “science of scientists”. Teachers responded positively to this epistemological tool when it was presented to them. Among the different teaching strategies tested in a classroom, the most efficient for the acquisition of criteria of scientificity were those which supplemented the inquiry process with an explicit epistemological component. Some elements of scientific method can be introduced as early as kindergarten (5-6 y.o) : after experimenting with inquiry processes, pupils have proved able not only to claim the primacy of experiment but also to run tests related to different criteria of scientificity and acquire the basics of scientific modeling.
Complete list of metadata

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01141872
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 14, 2015 - 9:17:36 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 14, 2022 - 4:52:06 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, September 14, 2015 - 8:05:37 AM

File

2014NICE4104.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01141872, version 1

Collections

Citation

Estelle Blanquet. La construction de critères de scientificité pour la démarche d'investigation : une approche pragmatique pour l'enseignement de la physique à l'école primaire. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014NICE4104⟩. ⟨tel-01141872⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1082

Files downloads

2418