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La gentrification négociée : anciennes frontières et nouveaux fronts dans le centre historique de Mexico

Abstract : During the first decade of the 21st Century, the depopulation of the historical downtown of Mexico City ceased, giving way to a process of economic and symbolic revalorization. The causes and consequences of this process have not been fully identified. This thesis reviews the origins of this important patrimonial site, and attempts to analyze the territories currently undergoing processes of gentrification, based on the following postulates:First, it stipulates that gentrification takes place as part of a historical continuum that determines the social organization of urban space. In fact, this research shows that those who are “pioneers” tend to appropriate specific places, which are usually former “civilization” nuclei established during the colony. There as well, real estate offers aimed at these new groups of the population, more demanding in terms of safety and urban comfort, cluster.Secondly, it establishes that gentrification is not produced by isolated actors, but rather implies conflicts of interest between diverse collective actors. Sustained by a diversity of testimonies, this thesis examines the character that economic and political elites sought to imprint upon a fundamental territory for the Mexican capital; it also explores the ambiguous participation of the middle classes and depicts the different forms of resistance set in motion by those excluded from this new city project. Finally, it offers a detailed overview of the mechanisms of patrimonialization and social management established by the Federal District’s Government, in their attempt to neutralize the conflicts inherent to the gentrification process.
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Jeronimo Diaz. La gentrification négociée : anciennes frontières et nouveaux fronts dans le centre historique de Mexico. Géographie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014TOU20107⟩. ⟨tel-01140884⟩

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