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Voyage à la rencontre de la misère et pouvoir d'attraction de l'espace de l'Autre. Calcutta dans l'imaginaire occidental contemporain - étude de cas: Le chant de Kali et La Cité de la joie : Calcutta dans l'imaginaire occidental contemporain - étude de cas: Le chant de Kali et La Cité de la joie

Abstract : This work is at the cross-roads of two broad themes of social epistemology: travel and spatiality. The main focus of this research is the occidental subjectivity’s search for self and its perception of spatiality through Third World travel. We first analyze the reasons that motivate Westerners to encounter the misery and horror of the Third World in their travels. We next study the perception and appropriation of this spatiality in the Western imagination, particularly with reference to the Indian metropolis, Calcutta, hitherto considered the second city of the British Empire. This thesis is divided into two independent but related parts. The first part furnishes a conceptual background in order to define and explain issues pertaining to voyage and spatiality. Here, the first chapter elucidates the notion of new tourism, a late-20th century practice of travel to Third World countries ravaged by extreme poverty, war and other disasters. The attraction towards postcolonial spatiality illustrated in this phenomenon, helps us explore, in a subsequent chapter, the symbolic and social construction of space in the collective imagination. In the second part of the thesis, we discuss the ambivalence in the Westerners’ perception of Calcutta. We discuss the emergence and persistence of myths in reference to the city that illustrate the fascination-repulsion that characterize this perception. For this, we present a comparative analysis of two popular novels that reflect collective Occidental imagination : Song of Kali (1985) by Dan Simmons and La Cité de la joie (1985) by Dominique Lapierre. Through an analysis of the abovementioned texts, we reinforce, once more, the importance of the space of the Other in the occidental quest for self definition.
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Thèse en études littéraires/Mukhopadhyay, Debasis/2014

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Debasis Mukhopadhyay. Voyage à la rencontre de la misère et pouvoir d'attraction de l'espace de l'Autre. Calcutta dans l'imaginaire occidental contemporain - étude de cas: Le chant de Kali et La Cité de la joie : Calcutta dans l'imaginaire occidental contemporain - étude de cas: Le chant de Kali et La Cité de la joie. Littératures. Université Laval, Québec, Qc. Canada, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01139317⟩

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