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Engineering of poly (2-oxazoline)s for potential use in biomedical applications

Abstract : This PhD work is based on the design of poly(2-oxazoline) (POx)hydrogels and nanogels, by chemical or physical cross-linking, aimed to be used for biomedical applications. Nanogels were first prepared in dilute media and in inverse emulsion based on a statistical copolymer made of 2-ethyl-2-oxazoline and ethyleneimine units. These stimuli-responsive nanogels were swelling in acidic media and were cleaved in reductive environment. They proved to be non-cytotoxic and act as protein repellent. Second, a reactive platform based on a statistical POx polymerbearing aldehyde functionalities was engineered, enabling the synthesis of graft and cross-linked POx. Last, a block copolymer made of 2-methyl- and 2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline units, proved to self-assemble into micelles when heated above its LCST,for a short period of time (< 1h30). When annealed for a longer time (> 1h30),crystallization-driven self-assembly led to the formation of different morphologies(fiber rods and cross-linked micelles).
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Camille Legros. Engineering of poly (2-oxazoline)s for potential use in biomedical applications. Polymers. Université de Bordeaux; University of Waterloo (Canada), 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014BORD0174⟩. ⟨tel-01138483⟩

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