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Study of Future On-board GNSS/INS Hybridization Architectures

Abstract : The quick development of air traffic has led to the improvement of approach and landing operations by using flexible flight paths and by decreasing the minima required to perform these operations. Most of the aircraft operations are supported by the GNSS augmented with GBAS, SBAS and ABAS. SBAS or GBAS allow supporting navigation operations down to precision approaches. However, these augmentations do require an expensive network of reference receivers and real-time broadcast to the airborne user. To overcome, the ABAS system integrates on-board information provided by an INS so as to enhance the performance of the navigation system. In that scheme, INS is coupled with a GPS receiver in a GPS/baro-INS hybridization solution that is already performed on current commercial aircraft. This solution allows reaching better performance in terms of accuracy, integrity, availability and continuity than the two separated solutions. However the most stringent requirements for precision approaches or automatic landings cannot be fulfilled with the current hybridization. The main idea of this PhD study is then to extend the hybridization process by including other sensors already available on commercial aircraft or not and, to assess the performance reached by a global hybridization architecture. It aims at providing most of the navigation parameters in all operations with the required level of performance. The operations targeted by this hybridization are precision approaches, with a particular focus on CAT III precision approach and roll out on the runway. The study of video sensor has been particularly focused on in the thesis. Indeed video based navigation is a complete autonomous navigation opportunity only based on sensors that provide information from the dynamic of the vehicle and from the observation of the scenery. Moreover, from a possible compensation of any loss or degradation of a navigation system to the improvement of the navigation solution during the most critical operations, the interests of video are numerous.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01136307
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 26, 2015 - 9:05:14 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:02:49 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 18, 2017 - 12:54:32 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01136307, version 1

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Jérémy Vezinet. Study of Future On-board GNSS/INS Hybridization Architectures. Signal and Image processing. INP DE TOULOUSE, 2014. English. ⟨tel-01136307⟩

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