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Gouvernance territoriale et participation citoyenne au Sénégal

Abstract : For more than a decade, similarly to the other countries, Senegal has adopted governance to manage public actions. This trend is a new philosophy, an adjustment in relation with the new economic and social world context. The implementation of this concept is particularly favoured by “the governability crisis” which is taking place right now after the failure of the state to supply a quality public service and the emergence of powerful local actors in full growth and occupying the empty place left by the weakened state. Governance and territorial governance are innovating because of the place they offer to the actors who are confirming their positions of change engine originating from the base. These new modes of management are favourably welcome in Senegal thanks to a historically favourable environment of (1) external factors: an international context epitomized by the complexity of economic, sociological and technological stakes questioning the normal order of things and displaying new actors, (2) internal factors: a favourable legal and institutional environment, the failures of development policies and the emergence of very dynamic citizen movements, the confirmation of the chosen local option through decentralisation policies. Such a context makes it possible for a set of actions whose aims don't sometimes tally with the factors which favoured their emergence. Governance applied to territories cannot just be limited to standards no matter how objective they may be. The purpose of the decentralisation policy is really to favour the development of territories, while keeping in mind the social, economic, geographical and societal features. The involvement of citizens in the success of that policy would be relevant only if it aimed at setting up a trustworthy atmosphere between the actors and ensuring the suitability between the actions of the state authorities and all the deep aspirations of the territories. So that work highlights essentially the main aims of the notion of “territory governance”. We finally conclude that it is suitable to the orientations of its implementation but remains the reflection of a variable product depending on a series of factors which vary according to the territory.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 23, 2015 - 3:17:05 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 24, 2022 - 4:03:05 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01134413, version 1


Ndeye Samb. Gouvernance territoriale et participation citoyenne au Sénégal. Géographie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014MON30059⟩. ⟨tel-01134413⟩



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