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Libération en bouche des molécules de la flaveur : influence des composés salivaires au niveau macroscopique et moléculaire

Abstract : The aim of this work is to give a deeper understanding of the impact of the salivary composition on aroma release, by two approaches, an in vitro and an in vivo approach. The impact of salivary proteins on the release of 10 aroma compounds (5 esters and 5 ketones, varying in their hydrophobic chain length) was first investigated by in vitro model systems composed of artificial and human saliva. Artificial salivas were composed of the main salivary proteins, mucins and alpha amylase, alone and in mixture.The amount of aroma released in the vapor phase at equilibrium was analyzed by Static Headspace Gas Chromatography analysis. Air/system partition coefficients have been calculated. This in vitro approach allowed us to demonstrate the ability of both mucin and alpha-amylase to decrease the release of aroma compounds by hydrophobic effect (increase of retention with aroma hydrophobicity). Interestingly, no cumulative effect was observed when both proteins were mixed together in solution. The release of ketones in presence of human saliva is lower than in water and slightly higher than in the presence of artificial saliva. Esters are more affected by the presence of human saliva than ketones. This observation is due to an esterase activity of saliva, which increases with the hydrophobicity of esters. The in vivo release of ethyl propanoate and ethyl hexanoate was followed on ten subjects by Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization mass spectrometry (APCI-MS) under different physiological conditions: at rest, after stimulation and after removing the superficial salivary coat. The saliva was characterized for each subject and each physiological condition. Great variations were observed between the subjects on the salivary flow, viscosity, composition and for each subject between the physiological conditions. The differences observed on in vivo release parameters are discussed as a function of physiological parameters. We observed that subjects with a more viscous saliva present a lower amount of aroma released. The presence of higher amounts of alpha-amylase increased the time needed to release the more hydrophobic compound, ethyl hexanoate. Our results suggest that the retention of hydrophobic aroma compounds by salivary proteins induces a modification of the kinetics of aroma release in real consumption conditions, and could be responsible for aroma persistence.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01134143, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 312931

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Sandy Pagès-Hélary. Libération en bouche des molécules de la flaveur : influence des composés salivaires au niveau macroscopique et moléculaire. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Bourgogne, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014DIJOS055⟩. ⟨tel-01134143⟩

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