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Fibres obtenues à partir de nanotubes de carbone verticalement alignés : élaboration et propriétés

Abstract : Carbon nanotube (CNT) based fibers, due to their interesting electrical and mechanical properties, exhibit a broad range of potential applications, such as functional textile or electrical wiring. To date, there are two families of fibers prepared according to different routes: pure CNT fibers and CNT composite fibers. The CNT characteristics and the elaboration process are known to impact their electrical and mechanical properties. However, the large diversity of manufactured CNT and spinning conditions used to elaborate these fibers are not favorable to establish clear relationship between fiber characteristics and their properties. In this context, the aim of the present work is to prepare fibers from vertically aligned CNT carpet according to two different elaboration process and to study their properties according to the CNT characteristics. A first part of this study was focused on the dry-spinning feasibility directly from CNT carpet synthesized by aerosol-assisted CCVD process in order to prepare fibers containing only of CNT. Even though all tests did not lead to a continuous spinning, a relation between the weak CNT tortuosity and the capacity of carpet to form fluffy network was established, which seems important for fiber continuous spinning. The second part is devoted to the study of the CNT characteristic effect (length, diameter and structure) on the electrical and mechanical properties of composite fibers obtained by wet spinning from CNT suspension. However, the preparation of these suspensions generates a CNT breakage by reducing their length to the micrometer range. A new dispersion process based on freezing/thawing cycles was developed and enables to keep CNT length in suspension of about 4 to 6 µm. Thus, concentrated suspensions with different CNT length, structure and diameter were obtained and successfully spun into fibers. The mechanical properties of raw fibers are essentially modified by CNT length which involves an improvement of the Young modulus and the tensile strength. The electrical properties depend on the CNT concentration in fiber and on the CNT structure. After a heat treatment of fiber at 200 °C, the increase of CNT length leads to an improvement of electrical conductivity. Consequently, the use of long CNT in composite fibers is beneficial to improve their performances.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01133719, version 2

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Nicolas Debski. Fibres obtenues à partir de nanotubes de carbone verticalement alignés : élaboration et propriétés. Matériaux. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA112388⟩. ⟨tel-01133719v2⟩

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