La mise en oeuvre du droit international humanitaire par les états musulmans : contribution à l'étude de la compatibilité entre DIH et droit musulman

Abstract : The comparative study of the norms of the Islamic Law and the International Humanitarian Law (IHL) reveals numerous points of convergences with regards to both The Hague Law and Geneva Law, as it can be noticed in the works of the major authors of the Muslim Law of war. Furthermore, the Muslim member States of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, member States of the 1949 four Geneva Conventions or/and the 1977 Additional Protocols, are involved in actions initiated or regulated by ICRC, whether these actions fall under the common Article 1 of the four 1949 Geneva Conventions, or concern the monitoring a priori or a posteriori of the IHL implementation. Besides, many instruments such as the 1990 Declaration of Cairo on Human Rights in Islam have been adopted by the Muslim States, thus favoring the simultaneous implementation of IHL and Human Rights. The contribution of the Muslim States concerns the mechanisms of implementation in periods of peace and armed Conflicts and is realized through both interstate and NGOs cooperation, in particular with ICRC. Although the concept of jihad can raise some difficulties, political motives, more than religious, give explanations for reluctances of the Muslim States as far as the Implementation of IHL is concerned.
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Afissou Bakary. La mise en oeuvre du droit international humanitaire par les états musulmans : contribution à l'étude de la compatibilité entre DIH et droit musulman. Droit. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014NICE0039⟩. ⟨tel-01132782⟩

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