Etude de nouveaux biomarqueurs de toxicité induite par des micropolluants (benzo(a)pyrène et phtalate de bis(2-ethylhexyle)) sur des modèles de placenta humain

Abstract : Prenatal exposure to pollutants is commonly evaluated using placenta as a barrier between mother and fetus. Here, we consider placenta as a target organ for toxic agents. To achieve this, we selected a trophoblastic cell model, which is adapted to toxicological studies. In clinical studies, pregnancy pathologies are associated to changes in human placental lactogen (hPL) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) secretions. Our in vitro work links exposure to micropollutants (mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, an endocrine disruptor, and benzo(a)pyrene, a carcinogen) and clinical observations. We identified biomarkers of hormonal secretion (hPL and hyperglycosylated hCG) and degeneration (P2X7 receptor activation), which enable the evaluation of exposure and risk attached to exposure to pollutants.
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Anaïs Wakx. Etude de nouveaux biomarqueurs de toxicité induite par des micropolluants (benzo(a)pyrène et phtalate de bis(2-ethylhexyle)) sur des modèles de placenta humain. Toxicologie. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA05P620⟩. ⟨tel-01132382⟩

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