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Scénarisation d'environnements virtuels : vers un équilibre entre contrôle, cohérence et adaptabilité

Abstract : This work addresses the orchestration of virtual environments, defined as the specification ofpossible or wanted unfoldings of events in a simulation and the implementation of control mechanisms over the actual unfolding. We aim at a set of objectives often considered contradictory : user freedom/agency, range, dynamicity and efficiency of control over the scenario, behavioural coherence, and system adaptability, which is essential for scenario variability. We propose SELDON, a model based on centralised and indirect control of an emergent simulation. Scenario content is represented by domain and activity models in the DOMAIN-DL and ACTIVITY-DL lanquages. The virtual environement is populated by autonomous characters, and the user’s choices of actions are unconstrained. Orchestration is carried out in two steps: first, a set of dynamic objectives is determined from the user’s profile and activity, then a scenario is generated from these objectives and executed through adjustements on the simulation. The DIRECTOR engine performs scenario generation and execution. DIRECTOR uses the simulation’s models to predict its evolution and guide it through a set of indirect adjustements that influence technical systems’ reactions and characters’ decisions. It uses planning to generate scenarios made up of prediction steps that DIRECTOR monitors in the simulation and adjustements that it triggers in the virtual environment. Scenario objectives can be defined dynamically through prescribed/proscribed situations and constraints on global scenario properties or statically as a space of scenarios of interest represented in the CAUSALITY-DL language.
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Camille Barot. Scénarisation d'environnements virtuels : vers un équilibre entre contrôle, cohérence et adaptabilité. Autre. Université de Technologie de Compiègne, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014COMP1615⟩. ⟨tel-01130812⟩

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