Linked data based exploratory search

Nicolas Marie 1
1 WIMMICS - Web-Instrumented Man-Machine Interactions, Communities and Semantics
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , Laboratoire I3S - SPARKS - Scalable and Pervasive softwARe and Knowledge Systems
Abstract : The general topic of the thesis is web search. It focused on how to leverage the data semantics for exploratory search. Exploratory search refers to cognitive consuming search tasks that are open-ended, multi-faceted, and iterative like learning or topic investigation. Semantic data and linked data in particular offer new possibilities to solve complex search queries and information needs including exploratory search ones. In this context the linked open data cloud plays an important role by allowing advanced data processing and innovative interactions model elaboration. First, we detail a state-of-the-art review of linked data based exploratory search approaches and systems. Then we propose a linked data based exploratory search solution which is mainly based on an associative retrieval algorithm. We started from a spreading activation algorithm and proposed new diffusion formula optimized for typed graph. Starting from this formalization we proposed additional formalizations of several advanced querying modes in order to solve complex exploratory search needs. We also propose an innovative software architecture based on two paradigmatic design choices. First the results have to be computed at query-time. Second the data are consumed remotely from distant SPARQL endpoints. This allows us to reach a high level of flexibility in terms of querying and data selection. We specified, designed and evaluated the Discovery Hub web application that retrieves the results and present them in an interface optimized for exploration. We evaluate our approach thanks to several human evaluations and we open the discussion about new ways to evaluate exploratory search engines.
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Nicolas Marie. Linked data based exploratory search. Other [cs.OH]. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014NICE4129⟩. ⟨tel-01130622⟩

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