Etude expérimentale et numérique de la décomposition thermique du bois résineux

Abstract : Fires are complex and a variety of phenomena are involved. In order to study them, the up-scaling approach separates all the processes.Among them, the solid thermal decomposition has an important role to play. Source term, it reflects the amount, rate and nature of volatile compounds emitted and its numerical description is essential. The models used currently are formed by a law of variable speed (the Arrhenius law) coupled with a conversion function of mass for each species and a kinetic mechanism organizing all reactions between them. However, this model is based on the theories used in the gas phase and serious doubts might be raised with regard to the representativeness for application in the condensed phase.The thesis works exposed in this report are focused on the model development departing from the reactions and the processes the more fundamental in the condensed phase in order to permit the simulation of the solid kinetic decomposition. The second aspect concerns the study of this model to determine the resolution and the optimization method the most appropriate, the role of each parameter, the possible compensation mechanisms and the uniqueness of the solution.Finally, the entire process is applied to a complex material, the wood. The results obtained from a new approach developed in this work, show a significant improvement of the model to the physical and chemical aspects of the thermal degradation of solid materials.
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Benjamin Batiot. Etude expérimentale et numérique de la décomposition thermique du bois résineux. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ESMA0009⟩. ⟨tel-01129090⟩

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