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Société tribale kabyle et (re)construction identitaire berbère. Le cas des At Zemmenzer (XIXème s.-XXIème s.)

Abstract : Through a tribe monograph, the present work analyzes the tribal system in Kabylia, the reappropriations to which it is subjected and their link with the assertion of Berber identity now marking this region of Algeria. After reflecting on the notions of tribe, identity construction and monograph, we expound the results of research carried out amongst the At Zemmenzer, a tribe from Djurdjura. The historical reconstruction of the elements qualifying this tribe in the 19th c., as well as their transformations throughout the 20th c., shows that it experienced a limited dismantling with a territory little disrupted by the administrative division and with the upholding of a practice and representation of this territory as an area of privileged relationships. The village assemblies kept on and dealt with the official administrations. These institutions, preeminent at the village level, experienced a renovation starting 1980. The transformations of the make-up, functioning and rights of the assemblies, having now become “village committees”, show elements of continuity and sometimes disruption. Moreover, through new organizations called the arch, the At Zemmenzer mobilize the arrangements for intervillage representations among the tribal society. This renovation is linked to the influence of players and associations carrying the assertion of Berber identity. In conjunction with the committees, the associations, which came into being after 1990, take actively part in the reconstruction of an identity embodying diverse forms from folklorization to revitalization. A new connection to the elements constituting culture comes into existence, making them become identity symbols.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01129075, version 1



Malika Assam. Société tribale kabyle et (re)construction identitaire berbère. Le cas des At Zemmenzer (XIXème s.-XXIème s.). Sociologie. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014INAL0013⟩. ⟨tel-01129075⟩



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